Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3)

Registration No. 333-249890

 

PROSPECTUS SUPPLEMENT NO. 2

(to prospectus dated April 2, 2021)

 

 

TATTOOED CHEF, INC.

44,933,638 Shares of Common Stock
184,536 Warrants to Purchase Common Stock

 

This prospectus supplement is being filed to update and supplement the information contained in the prospectus dated April 2, 2021 (as may be supplemented or amended from time to time, the “Prospectus”), with the information contained in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, which was filed with the SEC on May 18, 2021 (the “Quarterly Report”). Accordingly, the Company has attached the Quarterly Report to this prospectus supplement. Capitalized terms not defined in this supplement have the definitions ascribed to them in the Prospectus.

 

The Prospectus as supplemented by this prospectus supplement relates to the resale by certain Selling Securityholders named in the Prospectus from time to time up to 44,933,638 shares of our common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, and warrants to purchase of up to 184,536 shares of common stock, consisting of:

 

  up to 4,504,860 shares of common stock held by the Sponsor’s members as a result of either (i)  the distribution of Founders Shares to the Sponsor’s members or (ii) the exercise of Private Placement Warrants that were a constituent part of the units and subsequently distributed to the Sponsor’s members;

 

  up to 184,536 Private Placement Warrants issued in a private placement to the Sponsor and subsequently distributed to the Sponsor’s members;

 

  up to 184,536 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the Private Placement Warrants;
     
  up to 39,419,242 shares of common stock held by other Selling Securityholders of the Company, which includes the 34,370,329 shares issued on October 15, 2020 to stockholders of Ittella Parent as part of the Merger consideration pursuant to the Merger Agreement; and

 

  up to 825,000 shares of common stock issuable to principals of the Company’s financial advisor pursuant to a contract entered into by the Company and those principals.

 

This prospectus supplement updates and supplements the information in the Prospectus and is not complete without, and may not be delivered or utilized except in combination with, the Prospectus, including any amendments or supplements thereto. This prospectus supplement should be read in conjunction with the Prospectus and if there is any inconsistency between the information in the Prospectus and this prospectus supplement, you should rely on the information in this prospectus supplement.

 

Our common stock is traded on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “TTCF.” On May 17, 2021, the closing price of our common stock was $18.01 per share.

 

Investing in our securities involves risks that are described in the “Risk Factors” section beginning on page 3 of the Prospectus and as contained in this prospectus supplement.

 

Neither the SEC nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of the securities to be issued under the Prospectus or determined if the Prospectus or this prospectus supplement is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

  

The date of this prospectus supplement is May 18, 2021

 

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                  to                   

 

Commission File No. 001-38615

 

TATTOOED CHEF, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   82-5457906

(State or other jurisdiction of 
incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.) 

 

6305 Alondra Blvd., Paramount, CA 90723
(Address of Principal Executive Offices, including zip code)

  

(562) 602-0822
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

  

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)  

Name of each exchange on

which registered

Common stock, par value $0.0001 per share   TTCF   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

  ☐  Large accelerated filer ☐  Accelerated filer
  ☒  Non-accelerated filer ☒  Smaller reporting company
    ☒  Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act): Yes ☐  No ☒

 

As of March 31, 2021, there were 81,400,199 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

TATTOOED CHEF, INC.

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2021

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
     
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION 1
     
Item 1. Financial Statements 1
     
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2021 (unaudited) and December 31, 2020 1
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (unaudited) 2
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (unaudited) 3
     
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months March 31, 2021 and 2020 (unaudited) 4
     
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) 5
     
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 29
     
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 34
     
Item 4. Control and Procedures 35
     
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION 36
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 36
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 36
     
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 36
     
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 36
     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 36
     
Item 5. Other Information 36
     
Item 6. Exhibits 37
     
SIGNATURES 38

 

i

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

TATTOOED CHEF, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (unaudited)

(in thousands, except for share and per share information) 

 

   March 31,   December 31, 
   2021   2020 
ASSETS        
         
CURRENT ASSETS        
Cash   $185,161   $131,579 
Accounts receivable   31,796    17,991 
Inventory    38,701    38,660 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   11,739    18,240 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS   267,397    206,470 
           
Property, plant and equipment, net   19,312    16,083 
           
Deferred taxes   45,273    43,525 
           
Other assets    923    605 
           
TOTAL ASSETS  $332,905   $266,683 
           
LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
           
CURRENT LIABILITIES          
Accounts payable  $31,252   $25,391 
Accrued expenses   6,135    2,961 
Line of credit   26    22 
Notes payable to related parties, current portion   42    66 
Notes payable, current portion   111    111 
Deferred revenue   974    1,711 
Forward contract derivative liability          2,042    - 
Other current liabilities   1,188    87 
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES   41,770    30,349 
           
Warrant liability   1,875    5,184 
Notes payable, net of current portion   1,903    1,990 
TOTAL LIABILITIES  $45,548   $37,523 
           
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (See Note 18)          
           
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
Preferred stock- $0.0001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020  $-   $- 
Common shares- $0.0001 par value; 1,000,000,000 shares authorized; 81,400,199 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021, 71,551,067 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020,   8    7 
Treasury stock- 0 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021, 81,087 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020,   -    - 
Additional paid in capital   230,970    164,423 
Accumulated other comprehensive income   110    1 
Retained earnings   56,269    64,729 
Total equity   287,357    229,160 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY  $332,905   $266,683 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

1

 

 

TATTOOED CHEF, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (unaudited)

(in thousands, except for share and per share information)

 

   Three Months Ended 
   March 31, 
   2021   2020 
REVENUE  $52,682   $33,170 
           
COST OF GOODS SOLD   45,905    23,927 
           
GROSS PROFIT   6,777    9,243 
           
OPERATING EXPENSES   13,795    2,390 
           
INCOME (LOSS) FROM OPERATIONS   (7,018)   6,853 
           
Interest expense    (20)   (224)
Other income (expense)    (2,589)   - 
           
INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES   (9,627)   6,629 
           
INCOME TAX BENEFIT (EXPENSE)   1,475    (730)
           
NET INCOME (LOSS)   (8,152)   5,899 
           
LESS: INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS   -    1,022 
           
NET INCOME (LOSS) ATTRIBUTABLE TO TATTOOED CHEF, INC.  $(8,152)  $4,877 
           
NET INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE          
Basic   $(0.10)  $0.17 
Diluted   $(0.11)  $0.17 
           
WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES          
Basic    79,415,105    28,324,038 
Diluted    79,719,129    28,324,038 
           
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS), NET OF TAX          
           
Foreign currency translation adjustments   109    (352)
           
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax   109    (352)
           
Comprehensive income   (8,043)   5,547 
Less: comprehensive income attributable to the noncontrolling interest   -    1,011 
           
Comprehensive income attributable to Tattooed Chef, Inc. stockholders  $(8,043)  $4,536 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

2

 

 

TATTOOED CHEF, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (unaudited)

(in thousands, except for share and per share information)

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021

 

   Common       Common   Additional   Accumulated   Retained         
   Stock   Treasury   Shares   Paid-In   Comprehensive   Earnings   Noncontrolling     
   Shares   Shares   Amount   Capital   Income (Loss)   (Deficit)   Interests   Total 
                                 
BALANCE AS OF JANUARY 1, 2021   71,551,067    (81,087)  $7   $164,423   $1   $64,729   $-   $229,160 
                                         
FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION ADJUSTMENT   -    -    -    -    109    -    -    109 
                                         
DIVIDENDS PAID   -    -    -    -    -    (308)   -    (308)
                                         
STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION   -    -    -    3,185    -    -    -    3,185 
                                         
FORFEITURE OF STOCK-BASED AWARDS   (95,084)   -    -    -    -    -    -    - 
                                         
CANCELLATION OF TREASURY SHARES   (81,087)   81,087    -    -    -    -         - 
                                  -      
EXERCISE OF WARRANTS   10,025,303    -    1    63,362    -    -         63,363 
                                  -      
NET LOSS   -    -   $-   $-   $-   $(8,152)  $-   $(8,152)
                                         
BALANCE AS OF MARCH 31, 2021   81,400,199    -   $8   $230,970   $110   $56,269   $-   $287,357 

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2020 

 

   Redeemable
Noncontrolling
   Common       Common   Additional   Accumulated   Retained         
   Interest   Stock   Treasury   Shares   Paid-In   Comprehensive   Earnings   Noncontrolling     
   Amount   Shares   Shares   Amount   Capital   Income (Loss)   (Deficit)   Interests   Total 
                                     
BALANCE AS OF JANUARY 1, 2020  $6,930    28,324,038    -   $3   $2,314   $(692)  $1,265   $256   $28,327,184 
                                              
CAPITAL CONTRIBUTIONS   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    355    355 
                                              
FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION ADJUSTMENT   -    -    -    -    -    (341)   -    (11)   (352)
                                              
DIVIDENDS PAID   -    -    -    -    -    -    (1,438)   -    (1,438)
                                              
ACCRETION OF REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST TO REDEMPTION VALUE   4,431    -    -    -    -    -    (4,431)   -    (4,431)
                                              
NET INCOME  $424    -    -   $-   $-   $-   $4,877   $598   $5,475 
                                              
BALANCE AS OF  MARCH 31, 2020  $11,785    28,324,038    -   $3   $2,314   $(1,033)  $273   $1,198   $28,326,793 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 

 

TATTOOED CHEF, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (unaudited)

(in thousands, except for share and per share information)

 

   Three Months Ended 
   March 31, 
   2021   2020 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES        
Net income (loss)  $(8,152)  $5,899 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash from operating activities:          
Depreciation   552    193 
Bad debt expense   122    - 
Accretion of debt financing costs   -    9 
Revaluation of warrant liability   (320)   - 
Unrealized forward contract loss   2,181    - 
Stock compensation expense   3,185    - 
Deferred taxes, net   (1,749)   - 
           
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   (13,926)   (5,621)
Inventory   (41)   (4,703)
Prepaid expenses and other assets   (7,359)   536 
Accounts payable   4,534    2,120 
Accrued expenses   3,173    1,560 
Deferred revenue   (737)   - 
Other current liabilities   963    6 
Net cash used in operating activities   (17,574)   (1)
           
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES          
Purchases of property, plant and equipment   (2,852)   (1,686)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment   -    36 
Net cash used in investing activities   (2,852)   (1,650)
           
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES          
Net change in line of credit   4    4,302 
Borrowings of notes payable to related parties   -    1 
Repayments of notes payable to related parties   (24)   (19)
Borrowings of notes payable   -    40 
Repayments of notes payable   (87)   (169)
Capital contributions   -    355 
Proceeds from the exercise of warrants   73,917    - 
Payment of dividend   (308)   - 
Net cash provided by financing activities   73,502    4,510 
           
NET INCREASE IN CASH   53,076    2,859 
EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE ON CASH   506    (20)
           
CASH AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD  $131,579   $4,537 
           
CASH AT END OF PERIOD  $185,161   $7,376 
           
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION          
Cash paid for          
Interest   $1   $636 
Income taxes  $-   $16 
Noncash investing and financing activities          
Distributions  $-   $1,438 
Cashless warrant exercises  $2,990   $- 
Capital expenditures included in accounts payable  $1,328   $- 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Nature of Operations

 

General

 

Tattooed Chef, Inc. was originally incorporated in Delaware on May 4, 2018 under the name of Forum Merger II Corporation (“Forum”), as a special purpose acquisition company (“SPAC”) for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisitions, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more business.

 

On October 15, 2020 (the “Closing Date”), Forum consummated the transactions contemplated within the Agreement and Plan of Merger dated June 11, 2020 as amended on August 10, 2020, (the “Merger Agreement”), by and among Forum, Myjojo, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Myjojo (Delaware)”), Sprout Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of Forum (“Merger Sub”), and Salvatore Galletti, in his capacity as the holder representative (the “Holder Representative”). The transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement are referred to herein as the “Transaction”.

 

Upon the consummation of the Transaction, Merger Sub merged with and into Myjojo (Delaware) (the “Merger”), with Myjojo (Delaware) surviving the merger in accordance with the Delaware General Corporation Law. Immediately upon the completion of the Transaction, Myjojo (Delaware) became a direct wholly owned subsidiary of Forum. In connection with the closing of the Transaction (the “Closing”), Forum changed its name to Tattooed Chef, Inc. (“Tattooed Chef”). Tattooed Chef’s common stock began trading on the Nasdaq under the symbol “TTCF” on October 16, 2020.

 

Tattooed Chef, Inc. and its subsidiaries, (collectively, the “Company”) are principally engaged in the manufacturing of plant-based foods including, but not limited to, acai and smoothie bowls, zucchini spirals, riced cauliflower, vegetable bowls and cauliflower crust pizza primarily in the United States and Italy.

 

About Myjojo and Subsidiaries

 

Myjojo, Inc. was an S corporation formed under the laws of California (“Myjojo (California)”) on February 26, 2019 to facilitate a corporate reorganization of Ittella International Inc. On March 27, 2019, the sole stockholder of Ittella International, Inc. contributed all of his share ownership of Ittella International, Inc. to Myjojo (California) in exchange for 100% interest in the latter, becoming Myjojo (California)’s sole stockholder.

 

Ittella International, Inc. was formed in California as a tax pass-through entity and subsequently converted on April 10, 2019 to a limited liability company, Ittella International, LLC (“Ittella International”). On April 15, 2019, UMB Capital Corporation (“UMB”), a financial institution, acquired a 12.50% non-controlling interest in Ittella International (Notes 3).

 

Ittella’s Chef, Inc. was incorporated under the laws of the State of California on July 20, 2017 as a qualified Subchapter S subsidiary and a wholly owned subsidiary of Ittella International. Ittella’s Chef, Inc. was formed as a tax passthrough entity for purposes of holding Ittella International’s 70% ownership interest in Ittella Italy, S.R.L. (“Ittella Italy”). On March 15, 2019, Ittella’s Chef, Inc. was converted to a limited liability company, Ittella’s Chef, LLC (“Ittella’s Chef”).

 

On May 21, 2020, Myjojo (Delaware) was formed with Salvatore Galletti owning all of the shares of common stock. On May 27, 2020, Myjojo, Inc (California) merged into Myjojo, Inc., (Delaware) with Myjojo, Inc. (Delaware) issuing shares of common stock to the sole stockholder of Myjojo (California).

 

In connection with the Transaction and as a condition to the Closing, Myjojo (Delaware) entered into a Contribution Agreement with the minority members of Ittella International and the minority shareholders of Ittella Italy. Under the Contribution Agreement, the minority holders contributed all of their equity interests in Ittella International to Myjojo (Delaware) and Ittella Italy to Ittella’s Chef in exchange for Myjojo (Delaware) stock (the “Restructuring”). The Restructuring was consummated prior to the Transaction. The shares of Myjojo (Delaware) were exchanged for shares of Forum’s common stock upon consummation of the Transaction.

  

Basis of Consolidation. The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Tattooed Chef and its subsidiaries in which Tattooed Chef has a controlling interest directly or indirectly, and variable interest entities for which the Company is the primary beneficiary. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

5

 

 

Basis of Presentation. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X of the SEC. Certain information or footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed consolidated or omitted, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC for interim financial reporting. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes necessary for a complete presentation of financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of a normal recurring nature, which are necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, operating results and cash flows for the periods presented.

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 as filed with the SEC on March 19, 2021, which contains the audited financial statements and notes thereto. The financial information as of December 31, 2020 is derived from the audited financial statements presented in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. The interim results for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021 or for any future interim periods.

 

The Transaction was accounted for as a reverse recapitalization in accordance with GAAP (the “Reverse Recapitalization”). Under this method, Forum was treated as the “acquired” company (“Accounting Acquiree”) and Myjojo (Delaware), the accounting acquirer, was assumed to have issued stock for the net assets of Forum, accompanied by a recapitalization.

 

The net assets of Forum are stated at historical cost, with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded. The consolidated assets, liabilities and results of operations prior to the reverse recapitalization are those of Myjojo (Delaware). The shares and corresponding capital amounts and earnings per share available for common stockholders, prior to the reverse recapitalization, have been retroactively restated.

 

Revision of Previously Issued Financial Statements for Correction of Immaterial Errors.

 

The Company revised the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income for the period ended March 31, 2020 to reflect the correction of an immaterial error for amounts previously not reflected in the comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest. This revision has no impact on the Company’s net income, retained earnings, or earnings per share.

  

Revised Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income  As Previously Reported   Adjustment   As Revised 
Three months ended March 31, 2020            
Comprehensive income  $5,547    -   $5,547 
Less: income (loss) attributable to the noncontrolling interest   (11)   1,022    1,011 
Comprehensive income attributable to Tattooed Chef, Inc. stockholders  $5,558    (1,022)  $4,536 

 

The Company revised the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020, and the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2020 (not included herein) to reflect the correction of an immaterial error related to the classification of Private Placement Warrants. These warrants are now classified as liabilities with the related changes in the fair value of these warrants recorded in the statement of operations and comprehensive income. This revision has an immaterial impact on the Company’s previously reported net income, earnings per share, total liabilities or stockholder’s equity. 

 

In further consideration of the guidance in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 815-40, Derivatives and Hedging — Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity, the Company concluded that a provision in the warrant agreement related to certain settlement methods specific to the Private Placement Warrants precludes the Private Placement Warrants from being accounted for as components of equity. As the Warrants meet the definition of a derivative as contemplated in ASC 815, the Private Placement Warrants should be recorded as derivative liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheet and measured at fair value upon recognition on October 15, 2020 the Closing date and at each reporting date in accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement, with changes in fair value recognized in the consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income in the period of change. Therefore, the Company concluded that it is appropriate to revise the classification of the Private Placement Warrants in the Company’s previously issued consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020, as previously reported in its Form 10-K.  

 

6

 

 

The revised classification and reported values of the Private Placement Warrants as accounted for under ASC 815-40 are included in the condensed consolidated financial statements herein. 

 

The following table summarizes the effect of the revision on each financial statement line item as of the dates, and for the periods ended, indicated:

 

   Consolidated Balance Sheet 
  

As Previously

Reported

  

 

Adjustment

  

 

As Revised

 
As of December 31, 2020            
Warrant liability   -    5,184    5,184 
Total Liabilities   32,339    5,184    37,523 
Additional paid in capital   170,799    (6,376)   164,423 
Retained earnings   63,537    1,192    64,729 
Total stockholders’ equity   234,344    (5,184)   229,160 

 

   Consolidated Statement of Operations 
  

As Previously

Reported

  

 

Adjustment

  

 

As Revised

 
For the year ended December 31, 2020            
Other income   38,066    1,192    39,258 
Income before provision for income taxes   28,446    1,192    29,638 
Net Income   68,724    1,192    69,916 
Net income attributable to Tattooed Chef, Inc.   67,249    1,192    68,441 
   Basic net income per share   1.85    0.03    1.88 
   Diluted net income per share   1.69    0.03    1.72 

 

   Consolidated Statement of
Shareholders’ Equity
 
  

As Previously

Reported

  

 

Adjustment

  

 

As Revised

 
For the year ended December 31, 2020            
Additional paid in capital from exercise of warrants   66,559    2,696    69,255 
Additional paid in capital from reverse recapitalization   91,920    (9,072)   82,848 
Additional paid in capital ending balance   170,799    (6,376)   164,423 
Net income in retained earnings (deficit)   67,249    1,192    68,441 
Retained earnings (deficit) ending balance   63,537    1,192    64,729 

 

   Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows 
  

As Previously

Reported

  

 

Adjustment

  

 

As Revised

 
For the year ended December 31, 2020            
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:                     
Net income   68,724    1,192    69,916 
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:               
Revaluation of common stock warrant liability to estimated fair value   -    (1,192)   (1,192)

 

7

 

 

The Company revised the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet and statement of stockholders’ equity as of December 31, 2020 to reflect the correction of an immaterial error related to the presentation of 81,087 treasury shares. The treasury shares are now presented separately from common stock shares. This revision has an immaterial impact on the Company’s previously reported net income, earnings per share, or stockholder’s equity.

 

Reclassifications. Certain prior period reclassifications were made to conform with the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on reported income and comprehensive income, cash flows, total assets, total liabilities or stockholders’ equity as previously reported.

 

Cash. The Company’s cash may be in excess of amounts insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The Company has not experienced any losses in these accounts.

  

Foreign Currency. The Company’s functional currency is the United States dollar for its U.S. entities. Ittella Italy’s functional currency is the Euro. Transactions in currency other than the functional currency are recognized at the rates of exchange prevailing at the dates of the transaction. Transaction gains and losses that arise from exchange rate fluctuations on transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency of each entity are included in the results of operations in income from operations as incurred.

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements are expressed in United States dollars. Assets and liabilities of foreign operations are translated at period-end rates of exchange. Revenues, costs and expenses are translated at average rates of exchange prevailing during the period. Equity adjustments resulting from translating foreign currency financial statements are accumulated as a separate component of stockholders’ equity.

 

The Company conducts business globally and is therefore exposed to adverse movements in foreign currency exchange rates, specifically the Euro to US dollar. To limit the exposure related to foreign currency changes, the Company entered into foreign currency exchange forward contracts starting in 2020. The Company does not enter into contracts for speculative purposes.

 

In February 2020, the Company entered into a trading facility for derivative forward contracts. Under this facility, the Company has access to open foreign exchange forward contract instruments to purchase a specific amount of funds in Euros and to settle, on an agreed-upon future date, in a corresponding amount of funds in United States dollars. During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company entered into foreign currency exchange forward contracts to purchase 22.00 million Euros and 13.35 million Euros, respectively. The notional amounts of these derivatives are $26.90 million and $14.68 million for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

These derivatives are not designated as hedging instruments. Gains and losses on the contracts are included in other income net, and substantially offset foreign exchange gains and losses from the short-term effects of foreign currency fluctuations on assets and liabilities, such as purchases, receivables and payables, of which are denominated in currencies other than the functional currency of the reporting entity. These derivative instruments generally have maturities of up to nine months.

  

Accounts Receivable. Trade receivables are customer obligations due under normal trade terms requiring payment generally within 7 to 45 days from the invoice date. The Company’s allowance for doubtful receivables is based on an analysis that estimates the amount of its total customer receivable balance that is not collectible. This analysis includes assessing a default probability to customers’ receivable balances, which is influenced by several factors, including (i) current market conditions, (ii) periodic review of customer credit worthiness, and (iii) review of customer receivable aging and payment trends.

 

Inventory. Inventory consists of raw materials and packaging materials, work in process and finished goods. Inventories are carried at the lower of cost or net realizable value on a weighted average basis. Inventory is initially measured at cost and consists of the sum of the applicable expenditures and charges directly and indirectly incurred to bring products to their existing condition and location. These costs include purchase costs and any other charges necessary to prepare the items for production. For work in process and finished goods, these costs normally include those incurred directly or indirectly in the production of inventory (i.e., direct labor and production overheads or conversion costs), and other expenses (i.e., inbound freight, transportation and handling charges, taxes and duties).

 

Overhead costs are allocated to the units produced within the reporting period, while abnormal costs are charged to current operations as incurred. The Company monitors the remaining utility of its inventory and writes down inventory for excess or obsolescence as appropriate.

 

8

 

 

Property, Plant and Equipment. Property, plant and equipment is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization of property, plant and equipment is calculated using the straight-line method over a period considered adequate to amortize the total cost over the useful lives of the assets, which range from 5 to 7 years for machinery and equipment, 5 to 7 years for furniture and fixtures, 20 to 25 years for buildings, and 3 to 5 years for computer equipment. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the lease term or the estimated useful life of the improvements. Repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. Renewals and enhancements are capitalized and depreciated over the remaining life of the specific property unit. When the Company retires or disposes of property, plant or equipment, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the Company’s accounts and any resulting gain or loss is reflected in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss).

  

Long-Lived Assets. Long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment at the asset group level whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such asset group may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets within an asset group to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset group to the future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset group. If such asset groups are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is based upon their fair value. No impairment was recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments. Certain assets and liabilities are required to be recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. Fair value is determined based on the exchange price that would be received for an asset or transferred for a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. The carrying amounts of cash, accounts receivables, accounts payable and certain notes payable approximate fair value because of the short maturity and/or variable rates associated with these instruments. Long-term debt as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 approximates its fair value as the interest rates are indexed to market rates. The Company categorizes the inputs to the fair value measurements into three levels based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. These levels are:

 

Level 1 - Inputs utilize quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company is able to access at the measurement date.

 

Level 2 - Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, and can reference interest rates, yield curves, implied volatilities and credit spreads.

 

Level 3 -

Inputs are unobservable data points for the asset or liability, and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability.

 

Warrants. The Public Warrants are considered freestanding equity-classified instruments due to their detachable and separately exercisable features and meet the indexation criteria in ASC 815-40-15-7C. Accordingly, the Public Warrants are presented as a component of Stockholders’ Equity in accordance with ASC 815-40-25. The Agreements with respect to the Company’s Private Placement Warrants include provisions related to determining settlement amounts that preclude the Warrants from being accounted for as components of equity. As these Warrants meet the definition of a derivative as contemplated in ASC 815-40, the Private Placement Warrants are recorded as derivative liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets and measured at fair value at inception (on the Closing date) and at each reporting date in accordance with ASC 820, with changes in fair value recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive income (loss) in the period of change.

  

9

 

 

Revenue Recognition. The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC Topic 606. The Company’s principal business is the manufacturing of plant-based foods including, but not limited to, acai and smoothie bowls, zucchini spirals, riced cauliflower, vegetable bowls and cauliflower crust pizza primarily in the United States and Italy. Revenue recognition is determined by (a) identifying the contract, or contracts, with a customer; (b) identifying the performance obligation in each contract; (c) determining the transaction price; and (d) allocating the transaction price to the performance obligation in each contract; and (e) recognizing revenue when, or as, the Company satisfies performance obligations by transferring the promised goods or services. Each unit of product delivered is determined as a separate performance obligation and in the event there are more than one unit of a product ordered, there will be multiple performance obligations satisfied under the same contract. When control of the promised products and services are transferred to the Company’s customers, the Company recognizes revenue in the amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for these products and services.

 

Control generally transfers to the customer when the product is shipped or delivered to the customer based upon applicable shipping terms. Customer contracts generally do include more than one performance obligation and the performance obligations in the Company’s contracts are satisfied within one year. No payment terms beyond one year are granted at contract inception.

 

The Company disaggregates revenue based on the type of products sold to its customers – private label, Tattooed Chef and other. The other revenue stream constitutes sale of similar food products directly to customers through a third-party vendor and the Company acts as a principal in these transactions.

 

Most contracts also include some form of variable consideration, the most common form are discounts and demonstration costs. Variable consideration is treated as a reduction in revenue when product revenue is recognized. Depending on the specific type of variable consideration, the Company uses either the expected value or most likely amount method to determine the variable consideration. The Company reviews and updates its estimates and related accruals of variable consideration each period based on the terms of the agreements, historical experience, and any recent changes in the market.

 

The Company does not have significant unbilled receivable balances arising from transactions with customers. The Company does not capitalize contract inception costs as contracts are one year or less and the Company does not incur significant fulfillment costs requiring capitalization. The Company’s deferred revenue balance is primarily compromised of customer arrangements with shipping terms as FOB destination that have been shipped but not yet received by the customer as of the reporting period. Deferred revenue was $0.97 million and $1.71 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

The Company recognizes shipping and handling costs related to products transferred to the end customer as fulfillment cost and includes these costs in cost of goods sold upon delivery of the product to the customer.

 

Sales and Marketing Expenses. The Company expenses costs associated with sales and marketing as incurred. Sales and marketing expenses were $5.10 million and $0.62 million for the periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and are included in operating expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss).

 

Interest Expense. Interest expense includes interest primarily related to the amortization of deferred financing costs, the Company’s notes payable and line of credit.

 

Deferred Financing Costs. Deferred financing costs include fees associated with the Company’s line of credit agreement. Such fees are amortized on a straight-line basis over the term of the related line of credit agreement as a component of interest expense, which approximates the effective interest rate method, in accordance with the terms of the agreement. Deferred financing costs, net were $0.09 million and $0.09 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, and are recorded as a component of other assets in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Amortization expense of deferred financing costs were $0.90 million and $0.02 million during the periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

Stock-based Compensation. The Company measures compensation expense for stock options and other stock awards in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation — Stock Compensation. Stock-based compensation is measured at fair value on grant date and recognized as compensation expense over the requisite service period. The Company accounts for forfeitures when they occur. Generally, the Company issues stock options and other stock awards to employees with service-based and/or performance-based vesting conditions. For awards with only service-based vesting conditions, the Company records compensation cost for these awards using the straight-line method. For awards with performance-based vesting conditions, the Company recognizes compensation cost on a tranche-by-tranche basis (the accelerated attribution method) over the expected service period.

 

10

 

 

Under the provisions of ASC 718, Compensation—Stock Compensation, the Company measures stock-based awards granted to non-employees based on the fair value of the award on the date on which the related service is completed. Compensation expense is recognized over the period during which services are rendered by non-employees until service is completed.   

  

Income Taxes

 

As part of the process of preparing its condensed consolidated financial statements, the Company is required to estimate its provision for income taxes in each of the tax jurisdictions in which it conducts business, in accordance with the Income Tax Topic 740 of the ASC (“ASC 740”). The Company computes its annual tax rate based on the statutory tax rates and tax planning opportunities available to it in the various jurisdictions in which it earns income. Income taxes are accounted for using an asset and liability approach that requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is provided when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the net deferred tax assets will not be realized. The factors used to assess the likelihood of realization include the Company’s forecast of the reversal of temporary differences, future taxable income, and available tax planning strategies that could be implemented to realize the net deferred tax assets. Failure to achieve forecasted taxable income in applicable tax jurisdictions could affect the ultimate realization of deferred tax assets and could result in an increase in the Company’s effective tax rate on future earnings. Based on our assessment, it appears more likely than not that the net deferred tax assets will be realized through future taxable income.

 

ASC 740 prescribes a recognition threshold and a measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must first be determined to be more likely to be sustained based solely on its technical merits, and if so, then measured to be the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. There were no unrecognized tax benefits as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as income tax expense. No amounts were accrued for the payment of interest and penalties as of March 31, 2021. The Company is currently not aware of any issues under review that could result in significant payment, accruals, or material deviation from its position. The Company is subject to income tax examinations by major taxing authorities since inception. See Note 13 for more information on the Company’s accounting for income taxes.

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss. Accumulated other comprehensive loss is defined as the change in equity resulting from transactions from non-owner sources. Other comprehensive income consisted of gains and losses associated with changes in foreign currency as a result of the translation of the financial results of the Company’s Italian subsidiary.

 

Use of Estimates. The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk. The Company grants credit, generally without collateral, to customers primarily in the United States. Consequently, the Company is subject to potential credit risk related to changes in business and economic factors in this geographical area. No external suppliers accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s cost of goods sold during the period ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

 

11

 

 

Three customers accounted for 89% and 87% of the Company’s revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

  

Customer  2021   2020 
         
Customer C   41%   41%
Customer A   38%   29%
Customer B   10%   17%

 

Customers accounting for more than 10% of the Company’s accounts receivable as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were:

 

Customer  March 31,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
         
Customer A   45%   24%
Customer B   *    10%
Customer C   38%   53%

 

Segment Information. The Company manages its operations on a company-wide basis as one operating segment, thereby making determinations as to the allocation of resources to the business as a whole rather than on a segment-level basis. Operating segments are identified as components of an enterprise about which separate discrete financial information is available for evaluation by the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) in making decisions regarding resource allocation and assessing performance. The Company has determined that its Chief Executive Officer is the CODM. To date, the Company’s CODM has made such decisions and assessed performance at the Company-level.

 

A majority of the Company’s products are sold from the United States to customers.

 

Long-lived assets consist of property, plant and equipment - net and other non-current assets. The geographic location of long-lived assets is as follows:

 

Long Lived Assets (in thousands)  March 31,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
Italy  $10,733   $9,113 
United States   8,579    6,970 
Total  $19,312   $16,083 

 

COVID-19 Pandemic – The novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”), which was categorized by the World Health Organization as a pandemic in March 2020, continues to significantly impact the United States and the rest of the world and has altered the Company’s business environment and the overall working conditions.

 

Despite partial remote working conditions, the Company’s business activities have continued to operate with minimal interruptions.

  

Management acknowledges the pandemic may adversely affect the Company’s suppliers and could impair its ability to obtain raw material inventory in the quantities or of a quality the Company desires. The Company currently sources most of its raw materials from Italy. Though the Company is not dependent on any single Italian grower for its supply of a certain crop, events (including the pandemic) generally affecting these growers could adversely affect the Company’s business. If the Company is unable to manage its supply chain effectively and ensure that its products are available to meet consumer demand, operating costs could increase, and sales and profit margins could decrease.

 

12

 

 

On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) was enacted. The CARES Act, among other things, includes provisions relating to refundable payroll tax credits, deferment of employer side social security payments, net operating loss carryback periods, alternative minimum tax credit refunds, modifications to the net interest deduction limitations, increased limitations on qualified charitable contributions and technical corrections to tax depreciation methods for qualified improvement property. It also appropriated funds for the SBA Paycheck Protection Programs that are forgivable in certain situations to promote continued employment, as well as Economic Injury Disaster Loans to provide liquidity to small businesses harmed by COVID-19. The Company has elected not to apply for a Paycheck Protection Program loan. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company has analyzed the provisions of the CARES Act and determined it did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

 

The extent to which this pandemic will adversely impact the Company’s future business, financial condition and results of operations is dependent upon various factors, many of which are highly uncertain and outside the control of the Company.

 

Earnings per share. Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. The weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period includes common stock but is exclusive of certain unvested stock awards that have no economic or participating rights. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net income by the weighted average number of common shares and common share equivalents outstanding for the period. Common stock equivalents are only included when their effect is dilutive. The Company’s potentially dilutive securities which include outstanding stock options and restricted stock awards under the Company’s equity incentive plan and warrants have been considered in the computation of diluted earnings per share.

 

2. RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASU 2019-12”), as part of its overall simplification initiative to reduce costs and complexity of applying accounting standards while maintaining or improving the usefulness of the information provided to users of financial statements. Amendments include removal of certain exceptions to the general principles of Topic 740, Income Taxes, and simplification in several other areas. ASU 2019-12 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods therein. The Company adopted the new standard on January 1, 2021, the first day of the reporting year. One of the amendments eliminates a limitation on the amount of income tax benefit that can be recognized in an interim period when a year-to-date loss exceeds the anticipated loss for the year. The adoption of this standard did not have material impact Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements for the period ended March 31, 2021.

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13 (“ASU 2016-13”) regarding ASC Topic 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, which modifies the measurement of expected credit losses of certain financial instruments. The Company will be required to use a forward-looking expected credit loss model for accounts receivables, loans, and other financial instruments. The amendments will become effective for the Company for periods beginning after December 15, 2022. Adoption of the standard will be applied using a modified retrospective approach. The Company is currently evaluating the impact the adoption of ASU 2016-13 will have on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU 2020-04”), which provides guidance for contract modifications and certain hedging relationships associated with the transition from reference rates that are expected to be discontinued. Interest on borrowings under the Company’s revolving credit facility is calculated based upon LIBOR. ASU 2020-04. was issued on March 12, 2020 and may be applied prospectively through December 31, 2022. This guidance has had no material effect on the Company for the period ended March 31, 2021. The Company will continue to evaluate the impact this guidance may have on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity (“ASU 2020-06”), which simplifies the accounting for convertible instruments. ASU 2020-06 removes certain accounting models that separate the embedded conversion features from the host contract for convertible instruments, requiring bifurcation only if the convertible debt feature qualifies as a derivative under ASC 815 or for convertible debt issued at a substantial premium. ASU 2020-06 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years and early adoption is permitted in annual reporting periods ending after December 15, 2020. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance may have on its condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.  

 

13

 

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02” or “Topic 842”). The purpose of ASU 2016-02 is to provide financial statement users a better understanding of the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The adoption of ASU 2016-02 will result in the recognition of a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases. New disclosure requirements include qualitative and quantitative information about the amounts recorded in the financial statements. In September 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-13, Revenue Recognition (Topic 605), Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), Leases (Topic 840), and Leases (Topic 842), which provides additional implementation guidance on the previously issued ASU 2016-02 Leases (Topic 842). ASU 2016-02 requires a lessee to recognize assets and liabilities on the balance sheet for all leases with lease terms greater than 12 months. ASU 2016-02 requires a modified retrospective transition by means of a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the fiscal year in which the guidance is effective with the option to elect certain practical expedients and accounting policy elections. ASU 2016-02 will be effective for the Company for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. ASU 2020-05 extended the adoption to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, with interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this update on its combined consolidated financial statements. 

 

3. Redeemable noncontrolling interest

 

On April 15, 2019, UMB contributed $6.00 million to acquire 6,000 units for a 12.5% ownership interest in Ittella International. The Company incurred issuance costs of $0.13 million resulting in net consideration received of $5.87 million.

 

Per the terms of Ittella International’s operating agreement, UMB was provided with a put right which may cause Ittella International to purchase all, but not less than all of UMB units upon notice (“Put Notice”). UMB could have provided the Put Notice to Ittella International at any time for any reason after April 15, 2024. If Ittella International did not accept the price proposed in the Put Notice, the consideration to be paid by Ittella International to UMB for the units that were the subject of the Put Notice will be the fair market value of the units as established by a third party appraisal, subject to a floor for the fair value at 85%. If the fair value was less than 85% of the consideration proposed by UMB in their Put Notice, UMB may have chosen to abandon the transfer. The put right constituted a redemption feature and therefore UMB’s noncontrolling interest (the “Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest”) was classified as temporary equity (mezzanine) in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

The Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest was initially measured at fair value, which has been determined by the Company to equal the consideration received from UMB, net of transaction costs.

 

The Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest was not redeemable until April 2024; however, it was probable of becoming redeemable with the passage of time. Therefore, the subsequent measurement of the Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest at each reporting date was determined as the higher of (1) the initial carrying amount, increased or decreased for the redeemable noncontrolling interest’s share of net income and other comprehensive income, or (2) the redemption value, which was determined to be fair value per the terms of Ittella International’s operating agreement above. In determining the measurement method of redemption value, the Company elected to accrete changes in the redemption value over the period from the date of issuance to the earliest redemption date (i.e. April 2024) of the instrument using the effective interest method. Changes in the redemption value are considered to be changes in accounting estimates. Redemption value was determined using a combination of the market approach and income approach. Under the market approach, the Company estimated fair value based on market multiples of EBITDA of comparable companies. Under the income approach, the Company measured fair value based on a projected cash flow method using a discount rate determined by its Management which is commensurate with the risk inherent in its current business model.

 

14

 

 

There were no Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest for the three months ended March 31, 2021. Changes in the carrying value of the Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest were as follows for the three months ended March 31, 2020:

 

   Amount 
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest as of January 1, 2020  $6,930 
Net income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interest   424 
Accretion to redeemable noncontrolling interest   4,431 
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest as of March 31, 2020  $11,785 

 

All redeemable noncontrolling interest classified as mezzanine equity were reclassified to permanent equity in connection with the contribution of UMB’s 12.5% equity interests in Ittella International to Myjojo (Delaware) in exchange for Myjojo’s (Delaware)’s common stock and were subsequently exchanged for Forum Class A common stock upon consummation of the Transaction.

 

4. REVENUE RECOGNITION

 

Nature of Revenues

 

Substantially all of the Company’s revenue from contracts with customers consist of the sale of plant-based foods including, but not limited to, acai and smoothie bowls, zucchini spirals, riced cauliflower, vegetable bowls and cauliflower crust pizza in the United States and is recognized at a point in time in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods. Each unit of food product sold to the customer is the performance obligation. Revenue from the sale of frozen food products is recognized upon the transfer of control to the customer, which is upon shipment to the customer.

 

The Company disaggregates revenue based on the type of products sold to its customers – private label, Tattooed Chef and other. The other revenue stream constitutes sale of similar food products directly to customers through third-party vendors and the Company acts as a principal in these transactions. All sales are recorded within revenue on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss). The Company does not have any contract assets or contract liabilities as of March 31, 2021 and 2020.

 

Revenue streams for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were as follows:

 

   2021   2020 
Revenue Streams (in thousands)  Revenue   % Total   Revenue   % Total 
                 
Tattooed Chef  $35,993    68%  $17,649    53%
Private Label   16,371    31%   15,102    46%
Other revenues   318    1%   419    1%
Total  $52,682        $33,170      

 

Significant Judgments

 

Generally, the Company’s contracts with customers comprise a written quote and customer purchase order or statement of work and are governed by the Company’s trade terms and conditions. In certain instances, it may be further supplemented by separate pricing agreements. All products are sold on a standalone basis; therefore, when more than one product is included in a purchase order, the Company has observable evidence of stand-alone selling price. Contracts do not contain a significant financing component as payment terms on invoiced amounts are typically between 7 to 45 days, based on the Company’s credit assessment of individual customers, as well as industry expectations. Product returns are not significant. The contracts with customers do not include any additional performance obligations related to warranties and material rights.

 

From time to time, the Company may offer incentives to its customers considered to be variable consideration including discounts and demonstration costs. Customer incentives considered to be variable consideration are recorded as a reduction to revenue as part of the transaction price based on the agreement at the time of the transaction. Customer incentives are allocated entirely to the single performance obligation of transferring product to the customer.

 

15

 

 

5. ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE AND ALLOWANCE FOR DOUBTFUL RECEIVABLES

 

Accounts receivable are reduced by an allowance for an estimate of amounts that are uncollectible. All of the Company’s receivables are due from customers in the United States. The Company extends credit to its customers based upon its evaluation of the following factors: (i) the customer’s financial condition, (ii) the amount of credit the customer requests, and (iii) the customer’s actual payment history (which includes disputed invoice resolution). The Company does not require its customers to post a deposit or supply collateral. The Company’s allowance for doubtful receivables is based on an analysis that estimates the amount of its total customer receivable balance that is not collectible. This analysis includes assessing a default probability to customers’ receivable balances, which is influenced by several factors, including (i) current market conditions, (ii) periodic review of customer credit worthiness, and (iii) review of customer receivable aging and payment trends.

 

The Company evaluates the creditworthiness of its customers regularly and based on its analysis, the Company has determined an allowance for doubtful receivables is not necessary as of the three months ended March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. The Company writes off accounts receivable whenever they become uncollectible, and any payments subsequently received on such receivables are recorded as bad debt recoveries in the period the payment is received. Credit losses from continuing operations have consistently been within management’s expectations.

 

6. INVENTORY

 

Inventory consists of the following as of (in thousands):

 

   March 31,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
         
Raw materials  $14,845   $16,534 
Work-in-process   5,134    5,220 
Finished goods   15,914    13,902 
Packaging   2,808    3,004 
           
Total  $38,701   $38,660 

 

7. PREPAID EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT ASSETS

 

The following table provides additional information related to the Company’s prepaid expenses and other current assets as of (in thousands):

 

   March 31,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
         
Prepaid expenses  $9,785   $1,897 
Tax credits   1,903    1,884 
Warrants receivable (see Note 15)   -    13,542 
Other current assets   51    917 
           
Total  $11,739   $18,240 

 

8. PROPERTY, PLANT, AND EQUIPMENT - NET

 

Property, plant and equipment consists of the following as of (in thousands):

 

   March 31,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
         
Buildings  $2,827   $2,574 
Leasehold improvements   2,114    2,106 
Machinery and equipment   14,387    12,526 
Computer equipment   187    187 
Furniture and fixtures   111    109 
Construction in progress   3,032    1,533 
    22,658    19,035 
Less: accumulated depreciation   (3,346)   (2,952)
           
Net  $19,312   $16,083 

 

The Company recorded depreciation expense for the periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 of $0.55 million and $0.19 million, respectively.

  

16

 

 

9. Derivative instruments

 

The Company enters into foreign currency exchange forward contracts to reduce the short-term effects of foreign currency fluctuations on assets and liabilities such as foreign currency inventory purchases, receivables and payables. The Company’s primary objective in holding derivatives is to reduce the volatility of earnings and cash flows associated with changes in foreign currency exchange rates. The Company’s derivatives expose the Company to credit risk to the extent that the counterparties may be unable to meet the terms of the arrangement. The Company does, however, seek to mitigate such risks by limiting its counterparties to major financial institutions. Management does not expect material losses as a result of defaults by counterparties.

 

The fair values of the Company’s derivative instruments classified as Level 2 financial instruments and the line items within the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets to which they were recorded are summarized as follows (in thousands):

 

   Balance Sheet Line Item  As of
March 31,
2021
 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:       
Foreign currency derivatives  Forward contract derivative liability  $2,042 
Total     $2,042 

 

The effect on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) of derivative instruments not designated as hedges   is summarized as follows (in thousands):

 

   Line Item in Statements of Operations  Three months
ended
March 31,
2021
 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:                          
Foreign currency derivatives  Other income (expense)  $(2,909)
Total     $(2,909)

 

Unrealized and realized losses on forward currency derivatives for the three months ended March 31, 2021 were $2.18 million and $0.73 million, respectively. The Company has notional amounts of $55.00 million and $45.60 million on outstanding derivatives as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

  

10. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

 

Contingent Consideration Liabilities – Holdback Shares

 

The Company recognized and measured a contingent consideration liability associated with Holdback Shares at a fair value of $120.35 million, determined using a probability-weighted discounted cash flow model. Significant inputs used in the model includes certain financial metric growth rates, volatility rates, projections associated with the applicable contingency, the interest rate, and the related probabilities and payment structure in the Merger Agreement, which are not observable in the market and are therefore considered to be Level 3 inputs.

 

On November 16, 2020, the contingencies were met and accordingly the Holdback Shares were released. The remeasured fair value of the liability was $83.15 million based on the public share price on release date and was charged against additional paid-in capital. The change in fair value during the period resulted in a gain on settlement of the contingent consideration derivative of $37.20 million and was recorded within “other income” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the year ended December 31, 2020.  

 

There were no changes in the estimated fair value of the Company’s liabilities measured on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

17

 

 

Sponsor Earnout Shares Subject to Transfer Restrictions

 

The Company recognized and measured an asset associated with the Sponsor Earnout Shares at its fair value of $0 at the Closing date, determined using a probability-weighted discounted cash flow model. Significant inputs used in the models includes certain financial metric growth rates, volatility rates, projections associated with the applicable contingency, the interest rate, and the related probabilities and payment structure in the contingent consideration arrangement, which are not observable in the market and are therefore considered to be Level 3 inputs.

 

The Sponsor Earnout Shares were released on November 16, 2020 based on the remeasured fair value on the release date of $0, as none of the Sponsor Earnout Shares were forfeited on that date. No gain or loss was recorded by the Company in connection with the Sponsor Earnout Shares.

 

Warrant Liabilities

 

The Private Placement Warrants are accounted for as liabilities in accordance with ASC 815-40 and are presented within warrant liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The warrant liabilities are measured at fair value at inception (“initial measurement”), which is at the Closing date, and on a recurring basis (“subsequent remeasurement”), with changes in fair value presented within change in fair value of warrant liabilities in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss).

 

Initial Measurement

 

The fair value of the Private Placement Warrants were initially measured at fair value on October 15, 2020, the Closing date.

 

Subsequent Measurement

 

At each reporting period or upon exercise of the Warrants, the Company remeasures the Private Placement Warrants at their fair values with the change in fair value reported to current operations within the statements of operations and other comprehensive income (loss). During the three months ended March 31, 2021, 223,041 Private Placement Warrants were settled, resulting in an aggregate loss on settlements of $0.15 million.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, change in the fair value of the warrant liabilities charged to current operations amounted to $0.47 million.

 

Fair Value Measurement

 

The fair value of the Private Placement Warrants was determined to be $10.16 per Warrant as of March 31, 2021 using Monte Carlo simulations and using Level 3 inputs. Inherent in a Monte Carlo simulation are assumptions related to expected stock-price volatility, expected life, risk-free interest rate and dividend yield. The Company estimates the volatility of its common stock warrants based on implied volatility from its traded warrants and historical volatility of select peers’ common stock with similar expected term of the Warrants. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury zero-coupon yield on the grant date with a maturity similar to the expected remaining term of the warrants. The expected term of the Warrants is assumed to be equivalent to their remaining contractual term. The dividend rate is based on the historical rate, which the Company estimated to remain at zero.

 

18

 

 

The following table provides quantitative information regarding the inputs to the fair value measurement of the Private Placement Warrants as of each measurement date:

 

Input  October 15, 2020
(Initial
Measurement)
   December 31,
2020
   March 31,
2021
 
Risk-free interest rate   0.32%   0.34%   0.79%
Expected term (years)   5    4.79    4.55 
Expected volatility   35.00%   35.00%   40.00%
Exercise price  $11.50    11.50    11.50 
Fair value of Units  $13.85    12.72    10.16 

 

On October 15, 2020, the fair value of the Private Placement Warrants was determined to be $13.85 per warrant, or an aggregate value of $9.07 million for 655,000 outstanding warrants. On December 31, 2020, the fair value of the Private Placement Warrants was determined to be $12.72 per warrant, or an aggregate value of $5.18 million for 407,577 outstanding warrants.

 

As of March 31, 2021, the aggregate fair value of the Private Placement Warrants was determined to be $1.87 million, based on the estimated fair value per Private Placement Warrant on that date of $10.16 for 184,536 outstanding warrants.

 

The following table presents the changes in the fair value of warrant liabilities:

 

   Private Placement 
Fair value at initial measurement on October 15, 2020  $9,071,750 
Exercise of Private Placement Warrants   (2,695,806)
Change in fair value(1)(2)   (1,191,565)
Fair value as of December 31, 2020  $5,184,379 
Exercise of Private Placement Warrants   (2,989,639)
Change in fair value(1)   (319,854)
Fair value as of March 31, 2021  $1,874,886 

 

(1)  Changes in fair value are recognized in change in fair value of warrant liabilities in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss).

 

11. LEASES

 

The Company leases office and manufacturing facilities, equipment and vehicles under various operating arrangements. Certain of the leases are subject to escalation clauses and renewal periods. The Company recognizes lease expense, including predetermined fixed escalations, on a straight-line basis over the initial term of the lease from the time that the Company controls the leased property.

 

The future minimum lease commitments as of March 31, 2021 under operating leases having an initial or remaining non-cancelable term of one year or more are as follows (in thousands):

 

Nine months ended December 31, 2021  $612 
2022   762 
2023   631 
2024   353 
2025   300 
Thereafter   2,224 
Total  $4,882 

 

The Company’s rent expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 totaled $0.65 million and $0.50 million, respectively.

 

19

 

 

12. ACCRUED EXPENSES

 

The following table provides additional information related to the Company’s accrued expenses as of (in thousands):

 

   March 31,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
Accrued customer incentives  $4,170   $1,524 
Accrued payroll   1,334    1,245 
Accrued commission   631    108 
Other accrued expenses   -    84 
Total  $6,135   $2,961 

 

13.INCOME TAXES

 

The following table presents the provision for income taxes and the effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020 in thousand:

 

   March 31, 2021   March 31, 2020 
Income tax (benefit) expense   (1,475)   730 
Effective tax rate   15%   11%

 

The income tax (benefit) expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was primarily attributable to federal, state and foreign income tax expenses attributable to federal and state tax benefits on the Company’s U.S. loss as a C-corporation, offset by foreign income tax expenses on the Company’s foreign income in Italy.

 

The income tax (benefit) expense for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was primarily attributable to state and foreign income taxes.

 

The Company also believes that quarterly effective tax rates will vary from the fiscal 2021 effective tax rate as a result of recognizing the income tax effects of items that the Company cannot anticipate such as the changes in tax laws, tax amounts associated with foreign earnings at rates different from the United States federal statutory rate, the tax impact of stock-based compensation. The Company’s foreign earnings on Italian operations are subject to foreign taxes applicable to its income derived in Italy. These taxes include income tax.

 

As of December 31, 2020, and 2019, the Company had no open tax examinations by any taxing jurisdiction in which it operates. The taxing authorities of the most significant jurisdictions are the United States Internal Revenue Service and the California Franchise Tax Board and the Agenzia delle Entrate. The statute of limitations for which the Company’s tax returns are subject to examination are as follows: Federal 2017-2020, California 2016-2020, and Italy 2016-2020.

 

14. INDEBTEDNESS

 

Debt consisted of the following as of (in thousands):

 

   March 31,
2021
   December 31,
2020
 
         
Notes payable  $2,014   $2,101 
Notes payable to related parties (Note 17)   42    66 
Revolving credit facility   26    22 
Total debt   2,082    2,189 
Less current debt   (179)   (199)
           
Total  $1,903   $1,990 

 

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Revolving credit facility

 

The Company is party to a revolving line of credit agreement, which has been amended from time to time, pursuant to which a credit facility has been extended to the Company until May 25, 2021 (the “Credit Facility”). The Credit Facility provides the Company with up to $25.00 million in revolving credit. Under the Credit Facility, the Company may borrow up to (a) 90% of the net amount of eligible accounts receivable; plus, (b) the lower of: (i) sum of: (1) 50% of the net amount of eligible inventory; plus (2) 45% of the net amount of eligible in-transit inventory; (ii) $10.00 million; or (iii) 50% of the aggregate amount of revolving loans outstanding, minus (c) the sum of all reserves. Under the Credit Facility: (i) the Company’s fixed charge coverage ratio may not be less than 1.10:1.00, and (ii) the Company may make dividends or distributions in shares of stock of the same class and also distributions for the payment of taxes. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company was in compliance with all terms and conditions of its Credit Facility.

 

The revolving line of credit bears interest at the sum of (i) the greater of (a) the daily Prime Rate, or (b) LIBOR plus 2%; and (ii) 1%.

 

The revolving line of credit has an arrangement associated with it wherein all collections from collateralized receivables are deposited into a collection account and applied to the outstanding balance of the line of credit on a daily basis. The funds in the collection account are earmarked for payment towards the outstanding line of credit and given the Company’s obligation to pay off the outstanding balance on a daily basis, the balance is classified as a current liability on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

 

Capital expenditure loan, term loan, and notes payable

 

The Credit Facility includes a capital expenditure loan (“Capex Loan”) in the amount of up to $0.50 million that functions to reimburse the Company for certain qualified expenses related to the Company’s purchase of capital equipment. All borrowings against this loan are payable on a straight-line basis over 5 years and accrue interest at the greater of (a) the daily Prime Rate or (b) the daily LIBOR Rate plus 4%. The loan was paid off in full with the proceeds from the Transaction. The balance on the Capex Loan was $0 million and $0 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, of which $0 million and $0 million is classified as current as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

In September 2018, the Company amended the Credit Facility to include a term loan in the amount of $1.00 million (the “Term Loan”). The Term Loan accrues interest at the sum of the (i) the greater of (a) the daily Prime Rate, or (b) LIBOR plus 2%; and (ii) 1.5% and has a maturity date of May 25, 2021. The Credit Facility is secured by substantially all of the Company’s assets. The balance on the Term Loan was $0 million and $0 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

In April 2019, Ittella Italy entered into a promissory note with a financial institution in the amount of 0.40 million Euros. The note accrues interest at 2.5% and has a maturity date of April 15, 2021, when the full principal and interest are due. The balance on the promissory note was 0.02 million Euros and 0.08 million Euros as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

On June 19, 2015, Ittella Properties, LLC, a variable interest entity (“VIE”) (See Note 19), executed a promissory note with a financial institution in the amount of $1.30 million (the “CB Loan”). The CB Loan accrues interest at an initial rate of 4.99% and is variable on an annual basis in accordance with the United States Treasury Note Index Rate plus 2.66% and subject to a minimum rate of 4.65%. The CB Loan had a maturity date of July 1, 2040 and was collateralized by the Alondra Building (Note 19) and was guaranteed by Ittella International. The loan was paid off in full through a refinancing on January 6, 2020. The outstanding balance on the CB Loan was $0 million and $0.00 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

 

21

 

 

On August 12, 2015, Ittella Properties, LLC, the VIE, executed a note payable with a financial institution in the amount of $1.06 million (the “CDC Loan”). The CDC Loan accrued interest at 2.88% and had a maturity date of August 1, 2035. The CDC Loan was secured by the Alondra Building (Note 19) and was guaranteed by Ittella International. The loan was paid off in full through a refinancing on January 6, 2020. The outstanding balance on the CDC Loan was $0 million and $0 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

On January 6, 2020, Ittella Properties, LLC, the VIE, refinanced all of its existing debt with a financial institution in the amount of $2.10 million (the “Note”). The Note accrues interest at 3.60% and has a maturity date of January 31, 2035. Financial covenants of the Note include a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.20 to 1.00. As of March 31, 2021, the Company was in compliance with all terms and conditions of the Note. The outstanding balance on the Note was $1.99 million and $2.02 as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

Future minimum principal payments due on the notes payable, including notes payable to related parties, for periods subsequent to March 31, 2021 are as follows (in thousands):

 

Nine months ended December 31, 2021  $151 
2022   134 
2023   119 
2024   123 
2025   128 
Thereafter   1,427 
      
Total  $2,082 

  

15. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

The condensed consolidated statements of changes in equity reflect the Reverse Recapitalization as of October 15, 2020. Since Myjojo (Delaware) was determined to be the accounting acquirer in the Reverse Recapitalization, all periods prior to the consummation of the Transaction reflect the balances and activity of Myjojo (Delaware) (other than shares which were retroactively restated in connection with the Transaction).

 

Further, the Company issued awards to certain officers and all of the directors pursuant to the Tattooed Chef, Inc. 2020 Incentive Award Plan (“Director Awards”) on December 17, 2020 (see Note 16). Salvatore Galletti received 4,935 shares of common stock of the Company as part of the Director Awards. Such shares together with the shares that Salvatore Galletti received as a result of the Transaction and the release of the Holdback Shares from escrow, allowed Salvatore Galletti to have approximately 39.4% (separate from the shares assigned to Project Lily) of the voting power of the capital stock of the Company as of March 31, 2021.

 

Preferred Stock

 

The Company is authorized to issue 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share with such designations, voting and other rights and preferences as may be determined from time to time by the Company’s board of directors. As of March 31, 2021, there were no shares of preferred stock issued or outstanding.

 

Common Stock

 

The Company is authorized to issue 1,000,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.0001 per share. Holders of common stock are entitled to one vote for each share. As of March 31, 2021, there were 81,400,199 shares issued and outstanding.

 

Noncontrolling Interest

 

Prior to the consummation of the Transaction, noncontrolling interest in Ittella Italy was included as a component of stockholders’ equity on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Noncontrolling interest in Ittella International contains a redemption feature and was included as mezzanine equity on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets (Notes 3). The share of income attributable to noncontrolling interest were included as a component of net income in the accompanying consolidation statements of operations and comprehensive income prior to the Transaction.

 

22

 

 

The following schedule discloses the components of the Company’s changes in other comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest for the three months ended March 31, 2020 (in thousands):

  

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest in Ittella Italy  $598 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest in Ittella International   424 
Increase in noncontrolling interest due to foreign currency translation   (11)
      
Change in net comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest for the three months ended March 31, 2020  $1,011 

 

As discussed in Note 3, all noncontrolling interest were converted into Myjojo (Delaware)’s common shares which were subsequently exchanged for the Company’s common shares in the Transaction.

 

Warrants

 

In connection with Forum’s IPO and issuance of Private Placement Units in August 2018, Forum issued Units consisting of Common Stock with attached warrants as follows:

 

  1. Public Warrants – Forum issued 20,000,000 Units at a price of $10.00 per Unit, each Unit consisting of one share of Common Stock of Forum and one redeemable warrant.
     
  2. Private Placement Warrants – Forum issued 655,000 Private Placement Units, each consisting of one share of Common Stock and one warrant to the Sponsor, Jefferies LLC and EarlyBirdCapital, Inc.

  

Each Public Warrant and Private Placement Warrant (together, the “Warrants”) entitles the holder to purchase one share of Common Stock at an exercise price of $11.50.

 

The Public Warrants contain a redemption feature that provides the Company the option to call the Public Warrants for redemption 30 days after notice to the holder when any of conditions described in the following paragraph is met, and to require that any Public Warrant holder who desires to exercise his, her or its Public Warrant prior to the redemption date do so on a “cashless basis,” by converting each Public Warrant for an equivalent number of shares of Common Stock, determined by dividing (i) the product of the number of shares of Common Stock underlying the Warrants, multiplied by the difference between the Warrant Price and the “Fair Market Value”, and (ii) the Fair Market Value (defined as the average last sale price of the Common Stock for the ten trading days ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which the notice of redemption is sent to the holders of the Public Warrants).

 

The Public Warrants become exercisable upon occurrence of certain events (trigger events), including the completion of the Transaction. Once the Public Warrants become exercisable, the Company may redeem the Public Warrants in whole, at a price of $0.01 per warrant within 30 days after a written notice of redemption, and if, and only if, the reported last sale price of the Company’s common stock equals or exceeds $18.00 per share for any 20 trading days within a 30-trading day period ending three business days before the Company sends the notice of redemption to the holder.

 

The Private Placement Warrants are identical to the Public Warrants, except that so long as they are held by the Sponsor, an Underwriter, or any of their Permitted Transferees, the Private Placement Warrants: (i) may be exercised for cash or on a cashless basis; (ii) may not be transferred, assigned, or sold 30 days after the completion of a defined Business Combination except to a Permitted Transferee who enters into a written agreement with the Company agreeing to be bound by the transfer restrictions, and (iii) are not redeemable by the Company.

 

A Warrant may be exercised only during the “Exercise Period” commencing on the later of: (i) the date that is 30 days after the first date on which Forum completes its initial business combination; or (ii) 12 months from the date of the closing of the IPO, and terminating on the earlier to occur (x) five years after Forum completes its initial business combination; (y) the liquidation of the Company or, the Redemption Date (as that term is defined in the Warrant Agreement), subject to any applicable conditions as set forth in the Warrant Agreement. The Company in its sole discretion may extend the duration of the Warrants by delaying the expiration date, provided it give at least 20 days prior written notice of any such extension to the registered holders of the Warrants.

 

23

 

 

Forum completed a business combination, which is one of the trigger events for exercisability of the Warrants.

 

Warrant activity is as follows:

 

   Public Warrants   Private Placement Warrants 
Issued and outstanding as of October 15, 2020   20,000,000    655,000 
Exercised   (5,540,316)   (247,423)
Redeemed   -    - 
Issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2020   14,459,684    407,577 
Exercised   (14,602,942)   (223,041)
Redeemed   (143,258)   - 
Issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021   -    184,536 

  

The Public Warrants are considered freestanding equity-classified instruments due to their detachable and separately exercisable features. Accordingly, the Public Warrants are presented as a component of Stockholders’ Equity in accordance with ASC 815-40-25.

 

As discussed in Note 10, the Private Placement Warrants are considered freestanding liability-classified instruments under ASC 815-40-25.

 

The Company did not receive payment from the transfer agent for 1,177,602 of the 5,793,611 warrants exercised during the period ended December 31, 2020 and, accordingly, a Warrant Receivable of $13.54 million was recognized as part of Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020.

 

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, the Company recognized aggregate cash and cashless exercises of 5,234,017 and 9,368,925, respectively, in relation to the Public Warrants. During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, 223,041 Private Placement Warrants were exercised. The Company issued 10,025,303 common stock shares in connection with all exercises occurred in the three-month period ended March 31, 2021. During the same period, the Company recognized transfers of 143,258 of the Public Warrants from Private Placement Warrants that ceased to meet contractual criteria and became Public Warrants as a result. 

 

On January 14, 2021, the Company announced that it would redeem all Public Warrants that had not been exercised as of 5:00 p.m. EST on February 16, 2021 and sent the required redemption notice to Public Warrant holders. As of that time and date, all but 132,580 of the Public Warrants had been exercised, and those remaining Public Warrants were redeemed for $0.01 per Public Warrant.

 

Appropriated Retained Earnings

 

In accordance with Italian Company law, the Company’s subsidiary Ittella Italy maintains an appropriated retained earnings account for 5% of the total profit for the prior year until the appropriated retained earnings balance reaches 20% of share capital.

 

The appropriated retained earnings amount included in retained earnings was $0.07 million and $0.07 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

16. Equity INCENTIVE PLAN

 

On October 15, 2020, the Company’s Tattooed Chef, Inc. 2020 Incentive Plan (the “Plan”) became effective and permits the granting of equity awards of up to 5,200,000 common shares to executives, employees and non-employee directors, with the maximum number of common shares to be granted in a single fiscal year, when taken together with any cash fees paid to the non-employee director during that year in respect of his or her service as a non-employee director, not exceeding $100,000 in total value to any non-employee director. Awards available for grant under the Plan include Incentive Stock Options, Nonqualified Stock Options, Stock Appreciation Rights, Restricted Stock, Restricted Stock Units, Other Share-based Awards, Other Cash-based Awards and Dividend Equivalents. Shares issued under the Plan may be newly issued shares or reissued treasury shares.

  

24

 

 

Options maybe granted at a price per share not less than 100% of the fair market value at the date of grant. Options granted generally vest over a period of three to five years, subject to the grantee’s continued service with the Company through the scheduled vested date and expire no later than 10 years from the grant date.

  

Stock Options

 

Stock options under the Plan are generally granted with a strike price equal to 100% of the fair market value of the stock on the date of grant, with a three-year vesting period and a grant life of 10 years. The strike price may be higher than the fair value of the stock on the date of the grant but cannot be lower.

  

The table below summarizes the share-based activity in the Plan:

  

  

Number of
Awards

Outstanding

  

 

Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price

   Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Terms
(Years)
  

 

Intrinsic
Value
(in thousands)

 
Balance at December 31, 2020   756,300   $24.69    9.98   $        - 
Granted   -    -    -    - 
Cancelled and forfeited   (1,500)   24.69    9.82    - 
Exercised   -    -    -    - 
Balance at March 31, 2021   754,800   $24.69    9.73   $- 
Exercisable at March 31, 2021   -   $-    -   $- 

 

There were no options exercised during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

 

Compensation expense is recorded on a straight-line basis over the vesting period, which is the requisite service period, beginning on the grant date. The compensation expense is based on the fair value of each option grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. As of March 31, 2021, the Company had stock-based compensation of $5.17 million related to unvested stock options not yet recognized that are expected to be recognized over an estimated weighted average period of approximately three years.

 

The fair value of each option grant was estimated on the grant date using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions:

 

Equity volatility   25.89%
Risk-free interest rate   0.67%
Expected term (in years)   8 
Expected dividend   - 

 

Expected term—This represents the weighted-average period the stock options are expected to remain outstanding based upon expected exercise and expected post-vesting termination.

 

Risk-free interest rate—The assumption is based upon the observed U.S. treasury rate appropriate for the expected life of the employee stock options.

 

Expected volatility—The expected volatility assumption is based upon the weighted-average historical daily price changes of our common stock over the most recent period equal to the expected option life of the grant based on the contractual term of the awards, adjusted for activity which is not expected to occur in the future. Dividend yield—The dividend yield assumption is based on our history and expectation of dividend payouts.

 

Any option granted under the Plan may include tandem Stock Appreciation Rights (“SAR”). SAR may also be awarded to eligible persons independent of any option. The strike price for common share for each SAR shall not be less than 100% of the fair value of the shares determined as of the date of grant.

  

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Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Units

 

Restricted Stock Units (“RSUs”) are convertible into shares of Company common stock upon vesting on a one-to-one basis. Restricted stock has the same rights as other issued and outstanding shares of Company common stock except they are not entitled to dividends until the awards vest. Restrictions also limit the sale or transfer of the same during the vesting period. Any unvested portion of the Restricted Stock and RSUs shall be terminated and forfeited upon termination of employment or service of the grantee.

 

Director restricted stock activity under the Plan for the three months ended March 31, 2021 is as follows:

 

    Employee Director Awards     Non-Employee Director Awards  
    Number of Shares     Weighted-
Average
Fair Value
    Number of Shares     Weighted-
Average
Fair Value
 
Balance at December 31, 2020         $           $  
Granted     -       -       15,216       18.93  
Vested     -       -       (15,216 )     18.93  
Forfeited     -       -       -       -  
Non-vested restricted stock at March 31, 2021     -     $ -       -     $ -  

  

Non-director employee and consultant restricted stock activity under the Plan for the three months ended March 31, 2021 is as follows:

 

    Employee Awards     Consultant (Non-Employee) Awards  
    Number of Shares     Weighted-
Average
Fair Value
    Number of Shares     Weighted-
Average
Fair Value
 
Balance at December 31, 2020     400,000     $ 24.28       100,000     $ 24.69  
Granted     30,416       23.65       100,000       18.96  
Vested     (4,916 )     24.28         (100,000 )     18.96  
Forfeited     (100,000 )     24.69       (100,000 )     24.69  
Non-vested restricted stock at March 31, 2021     325,500     $ 24.10             $ -  

  

The fair value of the consultant (non-employee) performance shares vested for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was approximately $1.90 million. The fair value of employee restricted stock awards vested was approximately $0.12 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The fair value of non-employee restricted stock awards vested was approximately $0.29 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

 

As of March 31, 2021, unrecognized compensation costs related to the employee restricted stock awards was $7.4 million and is expected to be recognized over the weighted average period of four years.

 

In addition, non-employee consultant share-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was approximately $1.90 million as a result of an accelerated equity grant. The amount recognized vested immediately and had no restrictions or performance conditions.   

 

Employee Performance Shares and Performance Units

 

This award may be granted to certain executive officers of the Company and vest if the performance goals and/or other vesting criteria as stated in the relevant Award Agreement are achieved or the awards otherwise vest, which generally is for a period of three to five years from the grant date. Vesting of this award applies if the grantee remains employed by the Company through the applicable vesting date.

 

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The fair value of the award is equal to the average market price of the Company’s common stock at the grant date, adjusted for dividends over the vesting period. Compensation expense is recorded ratably over the period beginning on the grant date until the shares become unrestricted based on the amount of the award that is expected to be earned, adjusted each reporting period based on current information.

 

Under the Plan, an executive of the Company was granted restricted stock of 300,000 shares of the Company’s common stock (included within the restricted stock grants described above), to be vested 60,000 shares on each anniversary of the closing of the Transaction, provided certain target share prices are met, and conditioned on his continued employment with the Company. If the applicable target share price is not met, the 60,000 shares eligible for vesting will carry over and will be eligible for vesting in the full amount in the following vesting period. Any unvested shares will continue to carry over into the next vesting period. Any unvested shares as of October 15, 2025 will be forfeited.

 

17. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

The Company leases office property in San Pedro, California from Deluna Properties, Inc., a company owned by Salvatore Galletti. Rent expense was $0.04 and $0.02 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

  

In January 2009, the Company entered into a promissory note with Salvatore Galletti as the lender in the amount of $0.05 million, which matured on December 31, 2020. The note bore interest at 4.75% over the Prime Rate. The promissory note was paid off in full on January 6, 2020.

 

The Company entered into a credit agreement with Salvatore Galletti for a $1.20 million revolving line of credit in January 2007. Monthly interest payments are accrued at 4.75% above the Prime Rate on any outstanding balance. In addition, the Company agreed to pay Salvatore Galletti 0.67% per month of the full amount of the revolving credit line, regardless of whether the Company has borrowed against the line of credit. This agreement originally expired on December 31, 2011 but was extended to December 31, 2024. The outstanding balance of the line of credit was $0.03 million and $0.02 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, and is recorded as notes payable to related parties in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

In June 2010, the Company entered into a promissory note with the Salvatore Galletti as the lender in the amount of $0.15 million, which bears interest at 8.00% per annum. The promissory note was paid off in full on June 2, 2020. It had a balance of $0.15 million as of December 31, 2019 and was recorded as notes payable to related parties in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

In May 2018, Ittella Italy entered into a promissory note with Pizzo in the amount of 0.48 million Euros. The note bears interest at 8.00% per annum. The balance of the note was 0.04 million Euros and 0.07 million Euros as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

The Company is party to a revolving line of credit with Marquette Business Credit as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 with borrowing capacity of $25.00 million and $25.00 million, respectively (Note 14). The parent organization of Marquette Business Credit is UMB (Note 3).

 

18. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

In the ordinary course of business, the Company also enters into real property leases, which require the Company as lessee to indemnify the lessor from liabilities arising out of the Company’s occupancy of the properties. The Company’s indemnification obligations are generally covered under the Company’s general insurance policies.

 

From time to time, the Company is involved in various litigation matters arising in the ordinary course of business. The Company does not believe the disposition of any current matter will have a material adverse effect on its condensed consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

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A subsidiary of the Company, Ittella Italy, is involved in certain litigation related to the death of an independent contractor who fell off of the roof of Ittella Italy’s premises while performing pest control services. The case was brought by five relatives of the deceased worker. The five plaintiffs are seeking collectively 1.87 million Euros from the defendants. In addition to Ittella Italy, the pest control company for which the deceased was working at the time of the accident is co-defendant. Furthermore, under Italian law, the president of an Italian company is automatically criminally charged if a workplace death occurs on site. Ittella Italy has engaged local counsel, and while local counsel does not believe it is probable that Ittella Italy or its president will be found culpable, Ittella Italy cannot predict the ultimate outcome of the litigation. Procedurally, the case remains in a very early stage of the litigation. Ultimately, a trial will be required to determine if the defendants are liable, and if they are liable, a second separate proceeding will be required to establish the amount of damages owed by each of the co-defendants. Ittella Italy believes any required payment could be covered by its insurance policy; however, it is not possible to determine the amount at which the insurance company will reimburse Ittella Italy or whether any reimbursement will be received at all. Based on information received from its Italian lawyers, Ittella Italy believes that the litigation may continue for a number of years before it is finally resolved.

 

Based on the assessment by management together with the independent assessment from its local legal counsel, the Company believes that a loss is currently not probable and an estimate cannot be made. Therefore, no accrual has been made as of March 31, 2021 or December 31, 2020.

 

19. CONSOLIDATED VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITY

 

Ittella Properties LLC (“Properties”), the Company’s consolidated VIE, owns the Alondra Building, which is leased by Ittella International for 10 years from August 1, 2015 through August 1, 2025. Properties is wholly owned by Salvatore Galletti. The construction and acquisition of the Alondra building by Properties were funded by a loan agreement with unconditional guarantees by Ittella International and terms providing that 100% of the Alondra building must be leased to Ittella International throughout the term of the loan agreement.

 

The Company concluded that it has a variable interest in Properties on the basis that Ittella International guarantees the loan for Properties and substantially all of Properties’ transactions occur with the Ittella International. Thus, Properties’ equity at risk is considered to be insufficient to finance its activities without additional support from Ittella International, and, therefore, Properties is considered a VIE.

 

The results of operations and cash flows of Properties are included in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, 100% of the revenue of Properties is intercompany and thus was eliminated in consolidation. Properties contributed expenses of $0.05 million and $0.10 million for the periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

  

20. Earnings per share

 

The following is the summary of basic and diluted EPS for the three-months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

 

   2021   2020 
Numerator          
Net Income (Loss) attributable to Tattooed Chef, Inc.  $(8,152)  $4,877 
Dilutive Net Income (Loss) attributable to Tattooed Chef, Inc.   (8,624)   4,877 
Denominator          
Weighted average common shares outstanding   79,415    28,324 
Effect of potentially dilutive securities related to Warrants   304    - 
Weighted average diluted shares outstanding   79,719    28,324 
Earnings per share          
Basic  $(0.10)  $0.17 
Diluted  $(0.11)  $0.17 

 

The following have been excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share as the effect of including them would have been anti-dilutive for the three-months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

 

   2021   2020 
Stock options   318          - 
Restricted stock awards   318    - 
Warrants   -    - 
Total   636    - 

  

21. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

  

On May 2, 2021, the Company entered into an agreement to acquire Food of New Mexico Distributors, Inc. (“NMFD”) and Karsten Tortilla Factory, LLC (“Karsten”) in an all-cash transaction collectively valued at $35.00 million. NMFD is a privately-held company based in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Together with Karsten, NMFD produces and sells ready to eat New Mexican food products for retail and food service customers. The transaction closed on May 14, 2021. As of the date of issuance of these condensed consolidated financial statements, the initial acquisition and disclosures under ASC 805, Business Combinations, have not been prepared as the Company has not obtained all of the information necessary, nor has there been sufficient time, to complete the related activities.

  

On April 13, 2021, Ittella Italy purchased a manufacturing facility in Italy for 4.00 million Euros (or $4.69 million). The Company had previously been leasing this facility.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and related notes (the “Financial Statements”) included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (the “Quarterly Report”) and the section entitled “Risk Factors.” Unless otherwise indicated, the terms “Tattooed Chef,” “we,” “us,” or “our” refer to Tattooed Chef, Inc., a Delaware corporation, together with its consolidated subsidiaries.

 

Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Quarterly Report includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act that are not historical facts and involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected and projected. All statements, other than statements of historical fact included in this Quarterly Report including, without limitation, statements in this “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” regarding the Company’s financial position, business strategy and the plans and objectives of management for future operations, are forward-looking statements. Words such as “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “seek” and variations and similar words and expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements relate to future events or future performance, but reflect management’s current beliefs, based on information currently available. A number of factors could cause actual events, performance or results to differ materially from the events, performance and results discussed in the forward-looking statements. For information identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements, please refer to the Risk Factors section of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ending December 31, 2021 filed with the SEC and Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors herein. The Company’s securities filings can be accessed on the EDGAR section of the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Except as expressly required by applicable securities law, the Company disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

  our ability to maintain the listing of our common stock on Nasdaq;

 

  our ability to raise financing in the future;

 

our ability to acquire and integrate new operations successfully;

 

  market conditions and global and economic factors beyond our control, including the potential adverse effects of the ongoing global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on capital markets, climate change, general economic conditions, unemployment and our liquidity, operations and personnel;

 

  our ability to obtain raw materials on a timely basis or in quantities sufficient to meet the demand for our products;

 

  our ability to grow our customer base;

 

  our ability to forecast and maintain an adequate rate of revenue growth and appropriately plan its expenses;

 

  our expectations regarding future expenditures;

 

  our ability to attract and retain qualified employees and key personnel;

 

  our ability to retain relationship with third party suppliers;

 

  our ability to compete effectively in the competitive packaged food industry;

 

  our ability to protect and enhance our corporate reputation and brand;

 

  the impact of future regulatory, judicial, and legislative changes on our industry.

 

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Overview

 

We are a rapidly growing plant-based food company offering a broad portfolio of innovative frozen foods. We supply plant-based products to leading retailers in the United States, with signature products such as ready-to-cook bowls, zucchini spirals, riced cauliflower, acai and smoothie bowls, and cauliflower crust pizza. Our products are available both in private label and our “Tattooed Chef™” brand in the frozen food section of retail food stores.

 

Results of Operations

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, we had a net loss of $8.18 million, which included stock compensation expenses of $3.19 million, marketing expenses of $2.65 million, and promotional expenses of $1.93 million compared to net income of $5.90 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, which included no stock compensation expenses, marketing expenses of $0.58 million, and promotional expenses of $0.04 million. The decrease is primarily due to the significant increase in operating expenses.

  

Revenue increased by $19.51 million, or 58.8%, to $52.68 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $33.17 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The increase in revenue is primarily due to growth in sales of our “Tattooed Chef” branded products. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, we had $36.00 million of sales of “Tattooed Chef” branded products compared to $17.60 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

 

Cost of goods sold increased by $21.98 million, or 91.9%, to $45.90 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $23.93 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The primary reason for the increase is due to the increase in volume of product sold which accounts for an estimated $14.08 million of the increase. The remaining $7.90 million is attributable to increases in freight (inbound and outbound), cold storage expenses, fulfillment expenses, investment in facility improvements and personal protective equipment. These expenses have increased due to inflation.

 

Gross profit decreased by $2.47 million, or 26.7%, to $6.78 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $9.24 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease is due to the increases in cost of goods sold noted previously.

 

Gross margin for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was 12.9%, as compared to 27.9% for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease is due to the increases in costs of goods sold noted previously.

 

Operating expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2021 increased by $11.40 million, or 477.2%, to $13.80 million, compared to $2.39 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The increase is primarily due to increased costs of operating as a public company, non-cash stock compensation, and additional marketing and promotional expenses that were not present in the first three months ended March 31, 2020. We expect operating expenses to decrease as a percentage of revenue over time as many relatively fixed operating expenses will be spread over increasing revenue.

 

Adjusted EBITDA was negative $2.96 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to positive $7.05 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decline in Adjusted EBITDA was primarily due to public company costs that were not present in the first quarter of 2020. We also incurred $4.58 million in marketing and promotional expenses during the three months ended March 31, 2021 to invest in the future of our Tattooed Chef brand. The benefits from these efforts are expected be realized in both the near and distant future through brand expansions in revenue and distribution.

  

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Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

We use non-GAAP financial information and believe it is useful to investors as it provides additional information to facilitate comparisons of historical operating results, identify trends in operating results, and provide additional insight on how the management team evaluates the business. Our management team uses Adjusted EBITDA to make operating and strategic decisions, evaluate performance and comply with indebtedness related reporting requirements. Below are details on this non-GAAP measure and the non-GAAP adjustments that the management team makes in the definition of Adjusted EBITDA. The adjustments generally fall within the categories of non-cash items, acquisition and integration costs, business transformation initiatives, financing related costs and operating costs of a non-recurring nature. We believe this non-GAAP measure should be considered along with net income, the most closely related GAAP financial measure. Reconciliations between Adjusted EBITDA and net income are below, and discussion regarding underlying GAAP results throughout this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

As new events or circumstances arise, the definition of Adjusted EBITDA could change. When the definitions change, we will provide the updated definition and present the related non-GAAP historical results on a comparable basis.

 

We define EBITDA as net income before interest, taxes, depreciation. Adjusted EBITDA further adjust   EBITDA by adding back non-cash compensation expenses, non-recurring expenses, and other non-operational charges. Adjusted EBITDA is one of the key performance indicators we use in evaluating our operating performance and in making financial, operating, and planning decisions. We believe Adjusted EBITDA is useful to the readers of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q in the evaluation of our operating performance.

 

The following table provides a reconciliation from net income to Adjusted EBITDA for three months ended March 31, 2020 and the three months ended March 31, 2021:

 

   Three Months Ended 
(in thousands)  March. 31,
2021
   March. 31,
2020
 
Net income (loss)  $(8,152)  $5,899 
Interest  $20   $224 
Income tax (benefit) expense  $(1,475)  $730 
Depreciation  $552   $193 
EBITDA  $(9,055)  $7,046 
Adjustments          
Stock compensation expense  $3,185   $- 
Loss on foreign currency forward contracts  $2,909   $- 
Total Adjustments  $6,094   $- 
Adjusted EBITDA  $(2,961)  $7,046 

 

 

We negotiate different prices at our different club and retail customers based on product quantity and packaging configuration. At this time, we do not expect to adjust product prices from the current levels. However, we do acknowledge that competitive pressures, such as the introduction of additional plant-based products by our competitors, may require us to lower prices, increase marketing and advertising expenditures, or increase the use of discounting or promotional campaigns, each of which may affect its margins, operating results or profitability.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of March 31, 2021, we had $185.16 million in cash and cash equivalents. We believe our cash on hand is sufficient to meet our current working capital and capital expenditure requirements for a period of at least twelve months from the date of this filing. 

 

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Indebtedness

 

We have a line of credit that provides for borrowings up to (a) 90% of the net amount of eligible accounts receivables; plus, (b) the least of (i) the sum of: (A) 50% of the net amount of eligible inventory; plus (B) 45% of the net amount of eligible in-transit inventory; (ii) $10.0 million; or (iii) 50% of the aggregate amount of revolving loans outstanding, minus (C) the sum of all reserves. This line of credit is secured by substantially all of our assets. Outstanding borrowings under this line of credit bear interest at the sum of (i) the higher of the prime rate or LIBOR rate plus 2.0% and (ii) 1%. As of December 31, 2020, the outstanding balance on the line of credit was less than $0.1 million and the borrowing base was the full $25.0 million. The line of credit is secured by our inventory and accounts receivable and a first position lien on all our assets. In July 2018, we exercised an option within this line of credit to enter into a promissory note with the same financial institution in the amount of $1.0 million. The note accrues interest at the sum of (i) the higher of the prime rate or LIBOR rate plus 2.0% and (ii) 1.5% and has a maturity date of May 2021. The note is secured by substantially all of our assets.

 

A letter of credit in the approximate amount of 445,000 Euros was outstanding as of March 31, 2021. The letter of credit was issued to guarantee the Italian facility lease.

 

Liquidity

 

We generally fund our short- and long-term liquidity needs through a combination of cash on hand, cash flows generated from operations, and available borrowings under our line of credit (See “— Indebtedness” above). Our management regularly reviews certain liquidity measures to monitor performance.

 

Cash Flows

 

The following section presents the major components of net cash flows from and used in operating, investing and financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and the three months ended March 31, 2020:

 

Operating Activities

 

For three months ended March 31, 2021, we realized a net loss of $8.15 million, including stock compensation expenses of $3.19 million, marketing expenses of $2.65 million, and promotional expenses of $1.93 million. Net cash used in operating activities was $17.58 million, primarily due to marketing expenses and promotional expenses mentioned before to build the Tattooed Chef brand and increase awareness of the products on the shelf to further drive revenue. There have also been increased costs compared to prior years in operating a public company. During this period, non-cash items included depreciation expense of $0.55 million. We purchased additional equipment in both facilities to increase capacity and throughput, resulting in greater depreciation add backs to operating cash. The additional capital expenditures have allowed us to produce more product in the same footprint and without increasing labor costs.

  

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, we realized net income of $5.90 million. Net cash used in operating activities was negligible at $0.01 million due to a $5.62 million increase in accounts receivable due to increased revenue and a $4.70 million increase in inventory to meet anticipated growth in sales, partially offset by a $3.68 million increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses. During this period, non-cash items included depreciation expense of $0.19 million related to capital expenditures to build new lines in the Italy facility, as well as additional freezer space in the California facility. There were capital expenditures to build new lines in the Italy facility, as well as additional freezer space in the California facility.

  

We anticipate that our depreciation and amortization expense will increase for the balance of 2021 and for future periods based on capital expenditures on property, plant and equipment made in 2019 and 2020, and expected capital expenditures to expand production capabilities in both the Italy and California facilities. We also anticipate increases in stock-based compensation as we make equity grants to certain key employees, members of our management team and our Board of Directors.

 

Investing Activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities relates to capital expenditures to support growth and investment in property, plant and equipment to expand production capacity, tenant improvements, and to a lesser extent, replacement of existing equipment.

 

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For the three months ended March 31, 2021, net cash used in investing activities was $2.85 million as compared to $1.65 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Cash used in both periods consisted primarily of capital expenditures to improve efficiency and output from our current facilities.

 

Financing Activities

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, net cash provided by financing activities was $73.50 million, primarily from warrant exercises.

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, net cash provided by financing activities was $4.51 million primarily attributable to a $4.30 million increase in borrowings under the credit facility to support working capital requirements to fund growth.

 

Off-balance Sheet Financing Arrangements

 

We have no obligations, assets or liabilities that would be considered off-balance sheet arrangements as of March 31, 2021. We do not participate in transactions that create relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, often referred to as variable interest entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements. We have not entered into any off-balance sheet financing arrangements, established any special purpose entities, guaranteed any debt or commitments of other entities, or purchased any non-financial assets.

 

Contractual Obligations

 

We do not have any long-term debt, capital lease obligations, operating lease obligations, purchase obligations or long-term liabilities, other than immaterial supplier contracts with growers in Italy to ensure that product is available to fulfill demand.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and income and expenses during the periods reported. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates. We have identified the following critical accounting policies: 

 

Valuation of Holdback Shares and Sponsor Earnout Shares

 

We recognized and measured the contingent amounts associated with the Holdback Shares and Sponsor Earnout Shares at fair value as of the Closing date of $120.35 million and $0, respectively, using a probability-weighted discounted cash flow model. These measures are based upon significant inputs that are not observable by the market and are therefore considered to be Level 3 inputs. Refer to Note 10 to our consolidated financial statements for discussion related to the measurement and recognition.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

We sell plant-based meals and snacks including, but not limited to, acai and smoothie bowls, zucchini spirals, riced cauliflower, vegetable bowls and cauliflower crust pizza primarily in the U.S. and Italy. All of our revenue relates to contracts with customers. Our accounting contracts are from purchase orders or purchase orders combined with purchase contracts. Revenue recognition is completed on a point in time basis when product control is transferred to the customer. In general, control transfers to the customer when the product is shipped or delivered to the customer based upon applicable shipping terms. Customer contracts generally do include more than one performance obligation and the performance obligations in our contracts are satisfied within one year. No payment terms beyond one year are granted at contract inception.

 

Most contracts also include some form of variable consideration. The most common forms of variable consideration include discounts and demonstration costs. Variable consideration is treated as a reduction in revenue when product revenue is recognized. Depending on the specific type of variable consideration, we use either the expected value or most likely amount method to determine the variable consideration. We review and update our estimates and related accruals of variable consideration each period based on the terms of the agreements, historical experience, and any recent changes in the market. 

 

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Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable are recorded at invoiced amounts. We extend credit to our customers based on an evaluation of a customer’s financial condition and collateral is generally not required. We maintain an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated uncollectible accounts receivable. The allowance is based on our assessment of known delinquent accounts, historical experience, and other currently available evidence of the collectability and the aging of accounts receivable. Although management believes the current allowance is sufficient to cover existing exposures, there can be no assurance against the deterioration of a major customer’s creditworthiness, or against defaults that are higher than what has been experienced historically.

 

Income Taxes

 

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

 

Valuation Allowances for Deferred Tax Assets

 

We establish an income tax valuation allowance when available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that all or a portion of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. In assessing the need for a valuation allowance, we consider the amounts and timing of expected future deductions or carryforwards and sources of taxable income that may enable utilization. We maintain an existing valuation allowance until enough positive evidence exists to support its reversal. Changes in the amount or timing of expected future deductions or taxable income may have a material impact on the level of income tax valuation allowances. Our assessment of the realizability of the deferred tax assets requires judgment about its future results. Inherent in this estimation is the requirement for us to estimate future book and taxable income and possible tax planning strategies. These estimates require us to exercise judgment about our future results, the prudence and feasibility of possible tax planning strategies, and the economic environment in which it does business. It is possible that the actual results will differ from the assumptions and require adjustments to the allowance. Adjustments to the allowance would affect future net income.

 

Warrant Liabilities

 

We account for the Private Placement Warrants issued in connection with our private placements in accordance with ASC 815, whereby the Private Placement Warrants are recorded as liabilities as they do not meet the criteria for an equity classification. As the Private Placement Warrants meet the definition of a derivative as contemplated in ASC 815, they are measured at fair value at inception and subsequently remeasured at each reporting date, with changes in fair value recognized in the consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive income (loss) in the period of change.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

In connection with the audit of our consolidated financial statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, we identified five material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

 

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The first material weakness is related to the lack of design or maintenance of an effective control environment commensurate with financial reporting requirements and lack of a sufficient number of accounting professionals with the appropriate level of experience and training.

 

The second material weakness is related to a lack of design and maintenance of formal accounting policies, procedures and controls to achieve complete, accurate and timely financial accounting, reporting and disclosures, and monitoring controls maintained at the corporate level which are at a sufficient level of precision to provide for the appropriate level of oversight of activities related to our internal control over financial reporting.

 

The third material weakness is related to lack of implementation and maintenance of appropriate information technology general controls, including controls over data center and network operations, system software acquisition, change and maintenance, program changes, access security and application system acquisition, development, and maintenance.

 

The fourth material weakness is related to a lack of design and maintenance of effective controls over segregation of duties with respect to the preparation and review of account reconciliations as well as the creation and posting of manual journal entries.

 

The fifth material weakness relates to the lack of design and maintenance of formal accounting policies, processes and controls to analyze, account for and disclose complex transactions.

 

We have begun the process of, and we are focused on, designing and implementing effective internal controls measures to improve our internal control over financial reporting and remediate the material weaknesses. Our efforts include a number of actions:

 

  We hired qualified staff and outside resources to segregate key functions within our financial and information technology processes supporting our internal controls over financial reporting.

 

  We developed internal controls documentation, including comprehensive accounting policies and procedures and designed, implemented, and tested new controls over key financial processes.

 

While these actions and planned actions are subject to ongoing management evaluation and will require validation and testing of the design and operating effectiveness of internal controls over a sustained period of financial reporting cycles, we are committed to the continuous improvement of our internal control over financial reporting and will continue to diligently review our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Limitations on Effectiveness of Controls and Procedures

 

In designing and evaluating our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act), management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and that management is required to apply judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, with the participation of our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report. Based on this evaluation, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that, as of March 31, 2021, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective due to the material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting described above.

  

However, after giving full consideration to these material weaknesses, and the additional analyses and other procedures that we performed to ensure that our consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report were prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, our management has concluded that our consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods disclosed in conformity with U.S. GAAP.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

Other than described above in this Item 4, there has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting during the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2021 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

 

None.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

 

In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the factors discussed in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in our 2020 Form 10-K, as updated and supplemented below and in subsequent filings. These risk factors could materially harm our business, operating results and financial condition. Additional factors and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently consider immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition or future results.

 

Prolonged inflation could result in higher costs and decreased margins and earnings.

 

A majority of our products are manufactured and sold inside of the United States, which increases our exposure to, among other things, domestic inflation and fuel price increases. A prolonged period of inflation could cause interest rates, fuel, wages, and other costs to increase, which would adversely affect our results of operations unless freight rates correspondingly increase. If our costs were to become subject to significant inflationary pressures, we may not be able to fully offset such higher costs through price increases. Our inability or failure to do so could harm our business, financial condition, and results of operation.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.

 

None.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES.

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION.

 

None.

 

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS.

 

The following exhibits are filed as part of, or incorporated by reference into, this Quarterly Report.

 

No.   Description of Exhibit
31.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15(d)-14(a), as adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
31.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15(d)-14(a), as adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  TATTOOED CHEF, INC.
     
Date: May 17, 2021 By: /s/ Salvatore Galletti
  Name:  Salvatore Galletti
  Title: Chief Executive Officer
    (Principal Executive Officer)
     
Date: May 17, 2021 By: /s/ Stephanie Dieckmann
  Name: Stephanie Dieckmann
  Title: Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

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